15 March 44BC
On this day in 44 BC Julius Caesar, Roman Dictator for Life, was assassinated on his way to the Senate.
Legend has it that Julius Caesar was warned to beware the ides of March. Well on that day in 44BC on his way to the Senate Caesar was assassinated by a group of Senators including Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus.
Caesar’s dying words are reputed to have been ‘et tu Brute?‘ meaning ‘you too Brutus?‘ or ‘you as well Brutus?‘ spoken in reference to Marcus Junius Brutus who was like a son to Caesar.
Publius Servilius Casca Longus was allegedly the first to attack Caesar with a blow to the shoulder, which Caesar blocked. However, upon seeing Brutus was with the conspirators, Caesar is said to have covered his face with his toga and resigned himself to his fate. The conspirators, who referred to themselves as ‘the Liberators‘, attacked in such numbers and with such ferocity that they even wounded one another. Brutus is said to have been wounded in the hand and in the legs.
After the assassination, the Senate passed an amnesty on the assassins. This amnesty was proposed by Caesar’s friend and co-consul Marcus Antonius. Nonetheless, uproar among the Roman populous caused Brutus and the conspirators to leave Rome.